5 Jul 1964
- Fort QuAppelle; near Echo Lake outlet
NOTES: CONFIDENCE IN IDENTIFICATION 100% - O. HEWITT. RECORDED ON 05JUL64 (0315-0345 HOURS) AND 06JUL64 (0355-0410 HOURS). BOTH RECORDINGS MADE AT THE SAME LOCATION.
BNA: The "Kicker" call is what is likely heard throughout the recording. CZ 17/02/2004.
[Actually, between the odd repetitive whine and the fact that this recording is variably off-speed in places, it is difficult to be certain what many of these calls are. Most of the calls throughout this recording appear to represent a sharp "pit-ti-ti-tip" that is regularly given by this species, but is not described in BNA account (they may, however, represent the "kadic-kadic" call of Kaufmann, G. W. 1983. Displays and vocalizations of the Sora and the Virginia Rail. Wilson Bull. 95: 42-59). Examples of the "kicker" call are heard at 2:24, 2:43-3:11, 3:28, 5:16, 5:32, 5:59, 6:29, 7:01, 7:17, 8:57, 9:18, 9:37, 9:56, and 10:22. The second part of the recording is playing at a speed considerably faster than it should be (see timing of the whines), and this may be true elsewhere as well. Quality could be changed from 3 to 2 if the speed can be corrected and the whine or "beeping" sound thoughout can be removed (though I doubt this is possible where it becomes especially problematic in the last two parts of the recording after 8:32) - CAM - 8 April 2005]