ML 141289


Interview 11:27 - 58:57 Play 11:27 - More
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Sushila Nepali  







Bengal Tiger tracking  

NPR/NGS Radio Expeditions
1 Apr 2001

  • Nepal
    Madhya Pashchimanchal
  • Royal Bardia National Park
  • 28.38333   81.5
  • Stereo
    Sampling Rate
  • 48kHz
    Bit Depth
  • 16-bit
    Equipment Note
  • Stereo=1; Spaced Omni Stereo; DPA 4060 Omnidirectional Microphones

Show: Nepal
Log of DAT #:15
Engineer: McQuay
Date: March 31, 2001


Elephants being prepared to go out

VG 1:00 ¿ 5:10 elephants being washed off ?, loud huffing and puffing of elephants

5:29 Sushila Nepali - giving instruction on getting on the elephant¿people getting set up to go out

8:21-15:40 go out on the elephants going through shrubs (?)

10:09 good bird (?) in the distance

11:40 Sushila - that was an alarm call previously ¿ that was not an elephant (maybe referring to the above mention of a bird)

12:50 Sushila ¿ this is where the spotted deer was killed ¿ (nice bird in the bg)

VG 14:06 elephants crossing a stream

14:51 Sushila ¿ it is feeling with its tusks if it going deeper or boggy area

15:52 Sushila ¿ they found tiger foot print here when they came this morning

talking in Hindi

18:00 very good call in the bg but talking over it

talking in Hindi

22:07 Sushila ¿ the tiger has gone to the other side, but they believe it will come back this evening bc there is only the small portion of water there

Bill ¿ so knowing that, they are going to set up a trap here?

Sushila - yea

22:48 ¿ setting a trap on the ground ¿ a photo trap¿sounds like chopping wood (all in the bg bc Bill in on an elephant above the site)

24:55 Sushila talking in Hindi

25:24 Shushila ¿ they are measuring and trying to fix up the camera before that they have to put the poles that the man is trying to cut ¿ that is a stand for a camera they have measured that the distance btwn each camera will be 3 meters otherwise it will not give a clear picture whenever something moves in btwn¿.they suspect that the tiger hasn't used other pathways and it has gone this morning this way ¿ so it should come back this way, instead of using other places. 26:14

26:15 chopping and some talking in the bg ¿

26:32 Sushila ¿ they are trying to find a place where they can fix a transmitter.

26:41 ¿ 27:31 good digging

27:32 Sushila ¿ they are checking if the radiation ?? has been transmitted or not ¿ there is one transmitter and one receiver. There is a small hole where the infa red lights passes through. So there are just checking if that is properly fit or not

28:08 Shushila ¿ you will see the demonstration now as soon as they fix up the camera. They are doing the height where the radiation could be ¿ the infrared that ?? the string ¿ so they will check with the camera as well, and if it is the region then the shuttle clicks off automatically 28:33

28:41 Sushila ¿ so they are having 2 cameras on both signs. So at the same time it will flash. If something moves.

VG 28:53 digging

30:11 Sushili speaking in Hindi

30:25 Sushila ¿ yesterday and the day before yesterday it took the same route and she has been walking up and down this canal, so they believe it is 95% chance that she will walk today, again, through this.

30:42 PB ¿ are they a little nervous working down there?

Sushila ¿ asks them in Hindi

30:58 Sushila ¿ yes, they feel scared bc the elephant has eaten a man. That is why we are here, the elephants are here bc it senses smell faster than any other animal and it gives the warning sound if something is around. So when elephants are around they feel secure to work.

31:31 digging ¿ some wind

31:44 Sushila ¿ now, that is camouflaging the wire that is connecting the cameras. If it hidden then they will not smell. Otherwise, if they smell then they will not cross the barrier, they will go take another route. So if they hide it in the mud the chances are higher that it will walk across.

32:13 digging

32:29 PB ¿ why do they want to take a picture of the tiger right here?

32:36 Sushila ¿ bc they want to see if it is coming back the same route and the same area, bc that is the first thing. If is the same animal then it will come by. If it is some other animal will have to pass through the camera. That is how the technology is ¿ to have to monitor the frequent movt. It is the easiest way to know the tracks and then set the camera to where they have been frequently moving up and down.

PB ¿ what happens with that information?

33:14 Sushila ¿ probably they will report back and say ¿ it should be a man-eater, or they have to take another step, or set more cameras to try to monitor 24 hrs. This is 24 hr monitoring. There is a 24 way ¿ you can set the camera for 24 hrs. and people watch. 33:48

PB ¿ and how long will they do it for?

Shushila (asking in Hindi) ¿ unless they find the perfect place where the camera has been moving they will not set the camera anywhere else, they will do it here. And if they find the tiger is using another route, looking at the footprint then they will try and set the camera there.

PB - And for how many days will they try to monitor the movt of the tiger?

Shushila ¿ asks in Hindi 34:57 a week, more.

35:04 more digging, some pauses

36:00 Bill opening a bag?

37:06 PB ¿ what will an elephant do if there is a tiger in the vicinity?

Shushila ¿ asking in Hindi ¿ 37:38 ¿ it will start moving, restless, becomes restless and it actually it smells from its trunk and it cries ¿ makes an alarm sound. Now they are setting up the camera looking at if it is perfectly in the center.

38:07 more digging

38:33 Sushila ¿ they set the camera in 18 inchces height.

38;37 ¿ digging

Bill ¿ why 18 inches?

Sushila asks in Hindi ¿ 38:55 the body ¿ it is exactly at the center of the body ¿ the ray crosses through that. They are also looking at what places it will try to capture the camera will trigger off. That means where he is standing. As soon as a step ahead the flashes will go on.


41:12 Bill ¿ what are they measuring now?

Sushila ¿ to look at the distance of the 2 cameras

41:34 talking in Hindi and digging

43:37 Sushila ¿ they are making a final sound ¿ you can here the sound ¿ the camera went off (you can't hear the sound)

44:03 talking in Hindi?

44:19 Sushila ¿ they have set up the camera also bc the ridge where the water is, where we came down, that is only distance it has been traveling. It hasn't gone across that and across over there, 2, so it is only in this area that it is going to and fro, that is why they are setting the camera here.

44:53 Sushila ¿ and they saw it walking down that lane and going inside, that means it hasn't come back yet. they also removing the old footprints, they will be able to know the new ones.

Ambi ¿ digging, and talking

45:45 Sushila ¿ do you want to see the foot prints that went across this morning.

45:50 walking on elephant¿.

46:15 dismounting an elephant

46:31 NEW MIC ¿ on the omnis and in the zepplins

47:27 Sushila ¿ they actually traveled all the way up ¿ actually they traveled all the way up to find out the water sources where the suspect could be ¿ the suspected tiger could be, but they haven't found any tracks on the other side, and there is no water, or water holes, or a cooler area where she can relax. And there are a few spots, and there is a fire line that we crossed the road, that is a fire line. They found out it hasn't crossed the fire line as well. So it is yeah. It comes here. It is somewhere in this forest and they believe it will come back the same way. And they sense during afternoon time when they are grazing, they sense something ¿ and the elephant started making the trumpet sounds and alarm call, but it could be leopard, or sensing tiger. But when we go through this one, maybe we will be able to find out. 48:25

PB ¿ could he just tell us about the pug marks we are seeing here. When they occurred and what they indicate?

48:45 man answering in Nepalese

49:38 Sushila ¿ what they say is actually the kill is very near by with the ____ the spotted deer, and these are only water holes that we came across. We saw there is no other places. As the tiger kill they will come for the water. And according to them she is using this route bc if she feels disturbs this site she goes into this forest, which again, is the proper habitat for her to hide, and if she feels disturbs that side then she comes this side, thinking she can have an easy prey and relax much better, so that is why she is using this route where the water is and cooler.

50:34 Sushila ¿ and if chitoles (?), the spotted deer, are the ?? that we saw when we were coming, due to the water, the deers would be around as well, bc they need water as well, and in the long distance, there is no water for them to drink. That means they have to come to this spot for the deers to come, and the easiest prey for the tigers as well. For it to come here, to get the prey. So we don't know how long these tigers have been living here.

51:13 If the langers (?) are near by that means they are not making any sound ¿ the langur monkey you can see up in the tree. In the vicinity there is no tiger. But if they see something they start shouting.

51:43 Sushila ¿ and normally what they do, they can see good very sight ¿ they can spot from the tree the tiger moving. Wherever that tiger goes the langur or the monkey, goes with it. So it warns the other animals saying I am following the other tiger, or the tiger is following me. It is somewhere or the other. And as soon as one monkey starts shouting everyone starts shouting. Even the birds shouts. 52:19

52:27 PB ¿ could he just look at this pug mark and tell us what it tells him

man answering in Nepalese

52:50 Sushila ¿ they saw it going this morning so it is fresh.

Man ¿ quarter past 8 o'clock.

Sushila ¿ 8 hours

PB ¿ so they actually saw the tiger make that.

Sushila ¿ yes. Bc when they were - (man- climbed the tree!) ¿ they climbed the tree bc the monkey started shouting, and they climbed on tree bc elephants where not there, and the elephant went that way to chase the tiger ¿ so it walked this way

Man- very slowly!

Sushila ¿ then

Man ¿ speaking in English but can't understand

Sushila - It is walking right there and they saw it and know the foot print right away¿..with the other one that they showed you ¿ the other track ¿ normally something has dried or something must have happened. That is how you know the fresh and the old one ¿ you can compare that¿.when it is old you can see a cobweb or some other animal or dust on top of it, but here we haven't seen anything ¿ it is still fresh ¿ there is nothing on top of it. Not even the wind has blown on top of it

54:37 Sushila ¿ and if they find the fresh mark then they will put a circle like that to say this is a fresh one. TALK IN NEPALESE¿.so, they will not be confused when they come tomorrow, this mark will be there with a circle around, and if there is a new one then they will compare ¿ no circles around the new ones.

MAN ¿ talking in Nepalese

Sushila ¿ they remove most of the old ones

55:08 JN ¿ can we just go and look around some more?

Man ¿speaking in Nepalese

55:33 Sushila ¿ yeah, we will go looking this way

JN ¿ ok

BILL ¿ we are getting back on the elephants so we are dropping these mics

55:48 Sushila ¿ we'll take you ¿ I will take you for a drive now

Bill ¿ thanks

Sushila ¿ to see the ????

56:06 ¿ getting on the elephant

57:36 Sushila ¿ normally what the tourists do is they find a monkey first, and if they think there are monkeys around then they will wait there. They are first ones to give the alarm calls and they start moving.

57:48 ¿ moving on the elephant ¿ going through branches

58:55 Sushila ¿ so that means there are prey¿.

Talking in Nepalese

1:00:01 ¿ 1:00:28 walking in the forest on elephants

1:00:29 talking in Nepalese

1:00:35 ¿ 1:13:10 (this time isn't exact ¿ but it is around here, mixed with some talking in Nepalese) walking in the forest on elephants
1:05:48 lots of branches to get through on elephant

1:13:11¿1:13:55 come to a town? Wind in the mics, roosters

1:14:15 ¿ talking in Nepalese, riding on the elephant

1:14:20 ¿ 1:21:22 (again, not sure of exact time, but around here¿.) riding on the elephant, some kids in the bg

1:21:23 ¿ all getting on the elephant to take a picture of John, Peter and Bill

1:23:10 ¿ Peter falling off the elephant! ¿ Peter and John laughing

1:23:29 JN ¿ it is friggin' hopeless, I guess this is the last time we ever do tiger patrol¿..yeah, you got your hand on my inner thigh, it is going to look great on a poster

1:24:13 PB ¿ I am from New Jersey!

1:24:51 end of that scene

1:25:09 ¿ 1:28:39 SPACED OMNIS ¿ sound gathering¿.nice birds, and insects

1:28:39 end of DAT

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