Mahmoud Abu Zeid
Egypt's water supply; National Water Research Center
NPR/NGS Radio Expeditions
11 May 1993
- Cairo; National Water Research Center
- 30.05 31.36667
- :05 - 34:05
- Wadi El-Natrun
- 30.46667 30.26667
- 35:49 - 1:29:46
Stereo=1; Split track; Decoded MS stereo using Neumann SM-69; Spaced Omnis using Neumann KM-83
Water piece tape log -1.
EGYPT DAT # 1a
2-WAY W/WATER MINISTER -
00:00:00 -(Mona translates -started 7,000 years ago, w/a bank to control the river....
00:04:50 -the first water engineer in Egypt was a pharaoh, 7,000 years ago. Started to store water for the first time then.
00:12:17 -tax collection stops if water level falls to a certain point on an ancient stone column. (in history). Mohammed Ali Pasha lived in 1860, built the first barrage (?).
00:15:25 -AQ -is there a water crisis in Egypt today? A national irrigation improvement program is underway. Today we have enough water in good quality. Future?
00:19:40 -we have a conservation program.
00:24:08 -we have a program for the western desert at Oweinat. Is very limited. about 3.6 billion cubic meters a year in future. So add about 300.000 acres to cultivation. It's a program for there future. It's fossil water.
00:26:18 -AQ -how long will it last. about one hundred years
to draw it down one meter.
00:30:10 - we are just tapping the top. not really hurting it. have to be very careful in dealing with non-renewable aquifer. it's the most difficult question in groundwater.
00:32:18 -it's exactly like mining. you have to be careful. If you mine more than you need, it's serious. It gives hope, but limited hope.
00:34:20 -ROOM TONE FOR ABOVE.
REGWA WATER CENTER IN THE DESERT -
00:36:30 -camel calls, disgusting stuff.
00:37:11 -one calls, still disgusting, belchy.
00:39:15 -Russ 40' away from the camels. nothing.
00:40:22 -Really disgusting camel.
00:46:45 -interior at Regwa, Farouk in Arabic.
00:54:00 -Farouk explains what's happening. REGWA is a desert development company that drills wells, builds infrastructure.
DRILL SITE #1
00:56:15 -drilling, w/engine rev. otherwise steady diesel roar....some talk @ 51:12 and further.
00:57:45 -water pouring out into desert 100' from rig. Diesel barely apparent.
00:58:15 -wind break up.
00:58:40 -not usable through here.
00:59:00 -water in the desert. a little wind in the right channel.
00:59:42 -spaced omni's. much better. good water flowing in the desert. holding through 1:00:20...a little voice, then more water. Good flow, good character.
01:01:31 -2-way w/Farouk -MS w/SM69 -MS. frequent wind disturbance.
"This is water seeps from present Nile delta into rocks of ancient delta of the Nile. That's why a well drilled anywhere here produces a great deal of water that could be used for tens of years, hundred years, and is good for agriculture w/o saline.
01:02:15 -AQ -this your work? Yes, result of my interpretation that this is an ancient delta.
01:03:22 -AQ -this is a desert as far as you can see, as flat absolutely desert, and would never believe it has water. "you're standing on the edge of the western desert, the driest place on earth, and where would water be?" (no wind) will last a long time if properly used. need drip irrigation.
1:04:39 -ROOM TONE.
1:05:45 -Farouk describes desert....as far as eye can see, desert pavement protects desert surface. would stay this way forever Nobody thinks of desert as fertile land, but in most cases deserts were formed by flowing water, and therefore it is fertile.
DRILL SITE #2
1:07:09 -drilling site, truck change gears, pretty nice drill
1:12:00 -distant of same. possible, but without the nice character of above.
1:13:00 -move to a new perspective....following water in ditch I think. sound of water sloshing a little, but almost covered by machine clanking in back. WIND.
1:14:34 -good perspective, and good workman calling in Arabic, but WIND. Great operational stuff, WIND.
1:18:00 -one brief section in clear wino wind, good for punctuation.
1:19:40 -:10 sort of in clear 9nd possible punctuation.
1:20:30 -closer to drill, on rig, WIND.
1:21:10 -spaced omnis at 100'. no wind. steady diesel hum, truck doors.
1:22:10 -a diesel, some wind, but mics handling better. don' know if site 1 or 2.
1:23:48 -closer to the diesel. site 1, i think.
DRILL SITE #1
1:25:25 -Diesel close. wind up.
1:29:10 -move to car.