Marie P Fish
William H Mowbray
- University of Rhode Island; Narragansett Marine Laboratory
NOTES: NML studies. 1. NML, 1952. Males and females (75) in bay enclosures and test tank: low guttural grunts, knocks, and stridulatory rasping during competitive feeding and ES. No spontaneous sounds from solitary individuals, except rare burst when introduced into new tank. Scrunching and grinding noise during feeding. Fish, M.P. and W.H. Mowbray. 1970. Sounds of the Western North Atlantic fishes: a reference file of biological underwater sounds. Johns Hopkins Press. Baltimore. p. 113.