Marie P Fish
William H Mowbray
- University of Rhode Island; Narragansett Marine Laboratory
NOTES: NML studies, 1952, 1956. No spontaneous sound from any captive individuals monitored between Nov. and March. However, low growls, thumps, and escape sounds usually elicited by aggravation (held by tail) and by electric stimulation. Sounds of the Western North Atlantic fishes: a reference file of biological underwater sounds. Johns Hopkins Press. Baltimore. p. 16.